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The HTML <title> element is used to provide a title for an HTML document. The HeadTitle helper allows you to programmatically create and store the title for later retrieval and output.

The HeadTitle helper is a concrete implementation of the Placeholder helper. It overrides the toString() method to enforce generating a <title> element, and adds a headTitle() method for overwriting and aggregation of title elements. The signature for that method is headTitle($title, $setType = null); by default, the value is appended to the stack (aggregating title segments) if left at null, but you may also specify either 'PREPEND' (place at top of stack) or 'SET' (overwrite stack).

Since setting the aggregating (attach) order on each call to headTitle can be cumbersome, you can set a default attach order by calling setDefaultAttachOrder() which is applied to all headTitle() calls unless you explicitly pass a different attach order as the second parameter.

Basic Usage

You may specify a title tag at any time. A typical usage would have you setting title segments for each level of depth in your application: site, module, controller, action, and potentially resource. This could be achieved in the module class.

// module/MyModule/Module.php

namespace MyModule;

class Module
     * @param  \Zend\Mvc\MvcEvent $e The MvcEvent instance
     * @return void
    public function onBootstrap($e)
        // Register a render event
        $app = $e->getParam('application');
        $app->getEventManager()->attach('render', [$this, 'setLayoutTitle']);

     * @param  \Zend\Mvc\MvcEvent $e The MvcEvent instance
     * @return void
    public function setLayoutTitle($e)
        $matches    = $e->getRouteMatch();
        $action     = $matches->getParam('action');
        $controller = $matches->getParam('controller');
        $module     = __NAMESPACE__;
        $siteName   = 'Zend Framework';

        // Getting the view helper manager from the application service manager
        $viewHelperManager = $e->getApplication()->getServiceManager()->get('ViewHelperManager');

        // Getting the headTitle helper from the view helper manager
        $headTitleHelper = $viewHelperManager->get('headTitle');

        // Setting a separator string for segments
        $headTitleHelper->setSeparator(' - ');

        // Setting the action, controller, module and site name as title segments

When you're finally ready to render the title in your layout script, echo the helper:

<?= $this->headTitle() ?>


<title>action - controller - module - Zend Framework</title>

In case you want the title without the <title> and </title> tags you can use the renderTitle() method:

<?= $this->headTitle()->renderTitle() ?>


action - controller - module - Zend Framework

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